Ethnography

Ethnography:
    Lives in Times:
    20th Century
   

1900-1920

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A History of Private Life: From the Fires of the Revolution to the Great War / Michelle Perrot

940.28 FROMTH 1990

The nineteenth century was the golden age of private life, a time when the tentative self-consciousness of the Renaissance and earlier eras took recognizable form, and the supreme individual, with a political, scientific, and above all existential value, emerged. Volume IV of this award-winning series chronicles this development from the tumult of the French Revolution to the outbreak of World War I--a century and a quarter of rapid, ungovernable change culminating in a conflict that, at a stroke, altered life in the Western world.

Hometown U.S.A. / Stephen W. Sears

973.8 SEARS 1975

The vehicle the book uses to take you back - the historical photographs - is one of the most powerful "time machines" ever invented. Fine old photographs from the early 20th century do more than preserve vanished faces and fashions. They have a unique ability to dramatize the normal. We see how everyday life was lived at home and at work, at harvests and weddings and school - so precisely that we can actually feel both the sameness and strangeness of the past.

From Parlor to Prison : Five American Suffragists Talk About Their Lives / Sherna Berger Gluck

973.03182 FROM 1976

In this vivid and unique recreation of the American suffrage struggle, five unknown women from various economic, regional, and social backgrounds reveal, in their own voices, what it was like to be a suffragist. Sylvie Thygesen recalls the fight for suffrage and birth control.  Jessie Butler remembers her mother stumping for suffrage in a horse-drawn wagon in Colorado. Miriam Allen deFord tells how she spoke to street corner crowds from the top of a soap-box. Ernestine Kettler explains why she ended up in prison after joining a picket line in front of the White House in 1917.

The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 : a brief history with documents / Susan Kingsley Kent

973.913 KENT 2013

"Appearing in the midst of the First World War, the influenza virus of 1918-1919 blazed across the globe in a matter of months, leaving in its wake a death toll that would surpass that of the war itself. It appeared suddenly and with explosive impact, and defied all previous understandings of the disease: the illness struck quickly and without warning, felling people in their homes, at work, and in the streets, and unlike previous manifestations of the disease, which tended to take infants and the elderly, this strain primarily struck men and women in the prime of their lives. Especially virulent, it moved quickly through homes, military barracks, cities, and towns, first appearing in the American Midwest and quickly making its way to South America, Africa, Europe, Asia, and Australia. Doctors and other medical professionals were helpless to understand or treat it, and governments were unable to contain or manage it. By the time the virus died out in the fall of 1919, it had taken the lives of up to sixty million people. Like the war, the pandemic shook the foundations of individuals, families, and entire societies around the globe, and its impact would continue to be felt throughout the first half of the twentieth century." Book includes personal observations and interviews.

American pandemic : the lost worlds of the 1918 influenza epidemic / Nancy K. Bristow

973.913 BRISTOW 2012

"Between the years 1918 and1920, influenza raged around the globe in the worst pandemic in recorded history, killing at least fifty million people, more than half a million of them Americans. Yet despite the devastation, this catastrophic event seems but a forgotten moment in our nation's past. American Pandemic offers a much-needed corrective to the silence surrounding the influenza outbreak. It sheds light on the social and cultural history of Americans during the pandemic, uncovering both the causes of the nation's public amnesia and the depth of the quiet remembering that endured. Focused on the primary players in this drama--patients and their families, friends, and community, public health experts, and health care professionals--historian Nancy K. Bristow draws on multiple perspectives to highlight the complex interplay between social identity, cultural norms, memory, and the epidemic. Bristow has combed a wealth of primary sources, including letters, diaries, oral histories, memoirs, novels, newspapers, magazines, photographs, government documents, and health care literature. She shows that though the pandemic caused massive disruption in the most basic patterns of American life, influenza did not create long-term social or cultural change, serving instead to reinforce the status quo and the differences and disparities that defined American life. As the crisis waned, the pandemic slipped from the nation's public memory. The helplessness and despair Americans had suffered during the pandemic, Bristow notes, was a story poorly suited to a nation focused on optimism and progress. For countless survivors, though, the trauma never ended, shadowing the remainder of their lives with memories of loss. 

A Vanishing America; the life and times of the small town / Thomas Wheeler, ed.

973 WHEELER 1964

This pictorial look at the small town America of the early 20th century chronicles the intimate history of a town, boyhood memories and the sturdiness and grace of the era recollected. Twelve towns are represented from all over America showing both difference and commonality.

WORLD WAR I

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Goodbye to all That / Robert Graves

940.481 GRAVES 1957

"There was no patriotism in the trenches. It was too remote a sentiment, and rejected as fit only for civilians. A new arrival who talked patriotism would soon be told to cut it out. As Blighty, Great Britain was a quiet, easy place to get back to out of the present foreign misery, but as a nation it was nothing." This is the original version of Robert Graves's intense memoir of the First World War, restoring this raw, emotionally truthful, darkly comic work to the way it was first written, by a young man still reeling from the trenches. 'We see the dark heart of the book even more clearly, and hear it beating even more loudly, in this original edition than we do in the comparatively careful and considered terms of the later one' Andrew Motion 'One of the most candid self-portraits, warts and all, ever painted'

North American Indians in the Great War / Susan Applegate Krouse

940.403 KROUSE 2007

More than twelve thousand American Indians served in the United States military in World War I, even though many were not U.S. citizens and did not enjoy the benefits of enfranchisement. Using the words of the veterans themselves, as collected by Joseph K. Dixon (1856–1926), North American Indians in the Great War presents the experiences of American Indian veterans during World War I and after their return home.

 

Dixon, a photographer, author, and Indian rights advocate, had hoped that documenting American Indian service in the military would aid the Indian struggle to obtain general U.S. citizenship. Dixon managed to document nearly a quarter of the Indians who had served but was unable to complete his work, and his records languished unexamined until now. Unlike other sources of information on Indian military service collected by government officials, Dixon’s records come primarily from the veterans themselves. Their comments reveal pride in upholding an Indian tradition of military service as well as frustration with the U.S. government. Particularly in its immediacy and individuality, Dixon’s documentation of American Indian veterans of World War I adds greatly to our understanding of the experiences of American Indians in the U.S. military.

American Women in World War I: They Also Served / Lettie Gavin

940.4008 GAVIN 2006

Interweaving personal stories with historical photos and background, this lively account documents the history of the more than 40,000 women who served in relief and military duty during World War I. Through personal interviews and excerpts from diaries, letters, and memoirs, Lettie Gavin relates poignant stories of women's wartime experiences and provides a unique perspective on their progress in military service. American Women in World War I captures the spirit of these determined patriots and their times for every reader and will be of special interest to military, women's, and social historians.

American Indians in World War I: At War and at Home / Thomas A. Britten

940.403

During World War I, about 10,000 Native Americans either enlisted or were drafted into the American Expeditionary Force. Three related questions are examined in depth for the first time in this book: What were the battlefield experiences of Native Americans? How did racial and cultural stereotypes about Indians affect their duties? Did their wartime contributions lead to changes in federal Indian policy or their standard of living?

Many American Indians distinguished themselves fighting on the Western Front. And as compared to black and Mexican American soldiers, Indians enjoyed near universal respect when in uniform. To celebrate their patriotism during and after the war, Indians could even perform a variety of traditional ceremonies otherwise proscribed. Both in combat and in their support roles on the homefront, including volunteer contributions by Indian women, Native Americans hoped their efforts would result in a more vigorous application of democracy. But the Bureau of Indian Affairs continued to cut health and education programs and to suppress Indian cultures. (Amazon)

1920s

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Flappers, Bootleggers, "Typhoid Mary," & the Bomb : an anecdotal history of the United States from 1923-1945 / Barrington Boardman

973.91 BOARDMA 1988

Spotlighting presidents and kings, movie stars and speakeasy hostesses, this slightly irreverent history covers twenty-three of America's most colorful years. 

Jesus and gin : evangelicalism, the Roaring Twenties and today's culture wars / Barry Hankins

973.9149 HANKINS 2010

As the Roaring Twenties came to a close, it appeared that faith-based fervor had given way to a modern age of liberal tolerance, But in fact, that decade was not the last gasp of nineteenth century traditionalism. Rather, the religious surge of the twenties was a prologue to our own age, a time when religion plays a central role in culture, politics, media, social ife, and even public scandal. This work is a look at the rise of evagelicalism in the Jazz Age, and how it set the stage for the pervasive influence of the modern religious right. The author takes the reader on a tour of the Roaring Twenties and the barn burning preachers who led the temperance movement, the Jazz Age equivalent to today's fundamentalist anti abortion crusaders. Along the way, we meet a host of colorful characters: a Baptist minister who commits adultery in the White House; media star preachers caught in massive scandals; a presidential election hinging on a religious issue; and fundamentalists and liberals slugging it out in the culture war of the day. The religious roar of that decade was a prologue to the last three decades.

The war on alcohol : Prohibition and the rise of the American state / Lisa McGirr

973.9149 MCGIRR 2016

"Prohibition has long been portrayed as a 'noble experiment' that failed, a newsreel story of glamorous gangsters, flappers, and speakeasies. Now at last Lisa McGirr dismantles this cherished myth to reveal a much more significant history. Prohibition was the seedbed for a pivotal expansion of the federal government, the genesis of our contemporary penal state. Her deeply researched, eye-opening account uncovers patterns of enforcement still familiar today: the war on alcohol was waged disproportionately in African American, immigrant, and poor white communities. Alongside Jim Crow and other discriminatory laws, Prohibition brought coercion into everyday life and even into private homes. Its targets coalesced into an electoral base of urban, working-class voters that propelled FDR to the White House. This outstanding history also reveals a new genome for the activist American state, one that shows the DNA of the right as well as the left. It was Herbert Hoover who built the extensive penal apparatus used by the federal government to combat the crime spawned by Prohibition. The subsequent federal wars on crime, on drugs, and on terror all display the inheritances of the war on alcohol. McGirr shows the powerful American state to be a bipartisan creation, a legacy not only of the New Deal and the Great Society but also of Prohibition and its progeny."

1930s

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An American exodus; a record of human erosion in the Thirties / Dorothea Lange

973.917 LANGE 1969

First published in 1939, An American Exodus is one of the masterpieces of the documentary genre. Produced by incomparable documentary photographer Dorothea Lange with text by her husband, Paul Taylor, An American Exodus was taken in the early 1930s while the couple were working for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) The book documents the rural poverty of the depression-era exodus that brought over 300,000 migrants to California in search of farm work, a westward mass migration driven by economic deprivation as opposed to the Manifest Destiny of 19th century pioneers. This facsimile edition of the original volume reintroduces this sought-after work of art a pioneering book that was among the first to combine photographs with oral testimony to a contemporary audience, providing an insight into the struggles of the Depression as well as offering a profound and timeless look at the human condition.

The American writer and the great depression / Harvey Swados

973.9169 SWADOS 1966

"What united writers of diverse origins and temperaments of this time", Swados says, "was the passion of their response and their determination to bring to imaginative life the terror and the glory of their countrymen as they struggled to cope with the economic and social darkeness that had descended on them.  Includes observations on all kinds of people throughout the United States from miners to sharecroppers to farmers and factory workers.

Soul of a people : the WPA Writer's Project uncovers Depression America / David A. Taylor

973.9169 TAYLOR 2009

In 1935, the federal government's WPA Writers' Project offered a lifeline: it hired unemployed writers to document life in America for a series of state travel guides. The WPA writers walked streets, interviewed passersby, described urban landmarks and rural landscapes, chatted about nightclubs and bars, recorded folklore and folk music, and compiled what is now very precious information about how Americans lived and how America looked. With striking images, firsthand accounts, and new discoveries from personal collections and other sources, David Taylor's Soul of a People brings it all to vibrant and unruly life: the writers, their friendships, the hardships, the political battles, and the enduring outcome.

The worst hard time : the untold story of those who survived the great American dust bowl / Timothy Egan

978.032 EGAN 2006

The dust storms that terrorized America's High Plains in the darkest years of the Depression were like nothing ever seen before or since, and the stories of the people that held on have never been fully told. Pulitzer Prize–winning New York Times journalist and author Timothy Egan follows a half-dozen families and their communities through the rise and fall of the region, going from sod homes to new framed houses to huddling in basements with the windows sealed by damp sheets in a futile effort to keep the dust out. He follows their desperate attempts to carry on through blinding black blizzards, crop failure, and the deaths of loved ones. Drawing on the voices of those who stayed and survived—those who, now in their eighties and nineties, will soon carry their memories to the grave—Egan tells a story of endurance and heroism against the backdrop of the Great Depression.

Years of protest; a collection of American writings of the 1930's / Jack Salzman.

973.91692 SALZMAN 1967

Years of protest is an unusual literary anthology. It offers a wide range of stories, songs, poems and plays as well as examples of photographs, cartoons and paintings of the period. The literature of this decade of history is deeply rooted in the social movements of the time. Here is the literature of the strikes, demonstrations, police work, the American communist movement, breadlines, migrations from the dustbowl, coal miners and much more.

1940s

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World War II and the American Indian / Kenneth William Townsend

940.5309 TOWNSEN 2002

World War II marked a crossroads for Native Americans. Twenty-five thousand served in America's armed forces and forty thousand--including many Native American women employed in defense industries--secured jobs on the home front. The war years divided their past from their future, providing some with the skills and opportunities to enter mainstream society. For other Native Americans, wartime experiences affirmed the value of a renewed, reinvigorated Indian identity apart from the dominant society.

This book is the first full account of Native American experiences from the 1930s to 1945 and the first to offer the Indians' perspective. It begins with their responses to the drift toward war in the 1930s, including their reactions to propaganda campaigns directed at them by Nazi sympathizers. It is also the only ethnohistory of their experiences during World War II. Included are the voices and recollections of Indian men who resisted the draft, of those who fought in Europe and the Pacific, and of Indian women on the homefront. The book is also a careful reinterpretation of John Collier's career as commissioner of Indian affairs during the Roosevelt years. Townsend argues that Collier's efforts to preserve traditional Native American lifeways inadvertently provided Indians the resources, training, and services necessary for assimilation in the post-war years.

Flags of our Fathers / James Bradley

940.5426 BRADLEY 2006

In February 1945, American Marines plunged into the surf at Iwo Jima—and into history. Through a hail of machine-gun and mortar fire that left the beaches strewn with comrades, they battled to the island’s highest peak. And after climbing through a landscape of hell itself, they raised a flag.

Now the son of one of the flag raisers has written a powerful account of six very different young men who came together in a moment that will live forever.Few books ever have captured the complexity and furor of war and its aftermath as well as Flags of Our Fathers. A penetrating, epic look at a generation at war, this is history told with keen insight, enormous honesty, and the passion of a son paying homage to his father. It is the story of the difference between truth and myth, the meaning of being a hero, and the essence of the human experience of war.

 

GI brides : the war-time girls who crossed the Atlantic for love / Duncan Barrett

940.53082 BARRETT 2013

"Worn down by years of war and hardship, girls like Sylvia, Margaret, and Gwendolyn were thrilled when American GI's arrived in Britain with their exotic accents, handsome uniforms and aura of Hollywood glamor. Others, like Rae, who distrusted the Yanks, were eventually won over by their easy charm. So when VE Day finally came, for the 70,000 women who'd become GI brides, it was tinged with sadness--it meant leaving their homeland behind to follow their husbands across the Atlantic. And the long voyage was just the beginning of an even bigger journey. Adapting to a new culture thousands of miles from home, often with a man they barely knew, was difficult but these women survived the Blitz and could cope with anything. GI BRIDES shares the sweeping, compelling, and moving true stories of four women who gave up everything and crossed an ocean for love"

Making WAVES : Navy women of World War II / Evan Bachner

940.53082 BACHNER 2008

While traditionally female secretarial and clerical jobs took an expectedly large portion of recruits, thousands of WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service) performed previously atypical duties in the aviation community—such as Judge Advocate General corps—medical professions, communications, intelligence, science, and technology.

The photography team, headed by legendary photographer Edward Steichen, captured these heroic women at work, rest, and play. All the photos are from the National Archives and most have not been previously published.

Our mothers' war : American women at home and at the front during World War II / Emily Yellin

940.53082 YELLIN 2005

Our Mothers' War is a stunning and unprecedented portrait of women during World War II, a war that forever transformed the way women participate in American society. Never before has the vast range of American women's experience during this pivotal era been brought together in one book. Now, Our Mothers' War re-creates what American women from all walks of life were doing and thinking, on the home front and abroad. Like all great histories, Our Mothers' War began with an illuminating discovery. After finding a journal and letters her mother had written while serving with the Red Cross in the Pacific, journalist Emily Yellin started unearthing what her mother and other women of her mother's generation went through during a time when their country asked them to step into roles they had never been invited, or allowed, to fill before. Drawing on a wide range of sources, including personal interviews and previously unpublished letters and diaries, Yellin shows what went on in the hearts and minds of the real women behind the female images of World War II -- women working in war plants; mothers and wives sending their husbands and sons off to war and sometimes death; women joining the military for the first time in American history; nurses operating in battle zones in Europe, Africa, and the Pacific; and housewives coping with rationing. Yellin also delves into lesser-known stories, including: tales of female spies, pilots, movie stars, baseball players, politicians, prostitutes, journalists, and even fictional characters; firsthand accounts from the wives of the scientists who created the atomic bomb at Los Alamos, African-American women who faced Jim Crow segregation laws at home even as their men were fighting enemy bigotry and injustice abroad, and Japanese-American women locked up as prisoners in their own country. 

Virtue under fire : how World War II changed our social and sexual attitudes / John Costello

973.9179 COSTELLO 1987

Abetted by the entertainment industry, sex and romance flourished perhaps as never before though not always together during WW II as men and women, separated from their loved ones, found new companions with whom to assuage loneliness and find distraction or commitment before facing possible death. A major portion of this excellent social history is devoted to the mobilization and critical contributions of women at the homefront and in the military effort, both in Britain and the U.S. Sexual restraint seemed suspended for the duration and hasty marriages were common, asserts the author, evoking Freud to the effect that the urge to kill and the urge to procreate are subconsciously related. The family, notes Costello, was war's greatest casualty, with increases in divorce, illegitimate births and VD rates. 

Women of the homefront : World War II recollections of 55 Americans / Pauline E Parker

940.53082 PARKER 2002

Lois A. Ferguson was a teacher at a Japanese-American relocation center in California during World War II; she and her husband endured treacherous dust storms and poor living quarters to provide education to their young Japanese charges. Kay Watson's husband fought in Europe while Kay worked on a secret government effort known as the Manhattan Project. Pauline Parker, who also endured the war, has gathered the personal stories of such women as marines and government workers as well as single mothers whose husbands had gone off to fight.

HOLOCAUST

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Alicia: My Story / Alicia Appleman-Jurman

940.531 APPLEMA 1990

After losing her entire family to the Nazis at age 13, Alicia Appleman-Jurman went on to save the lives of thousands of Jews, offering them her own courage and hope in a time of upheaval and tragedy. Not since The Diary of Anne Frank has a young voice so vividly expressed the capacity for humanity and heroism in the face of Nazi brutality.

Don't Wave Goodbye: The Children's Flight from Nazi Persecution to Amrican Freedom / Philip K Jason

940.5318 DONT 2004

"Sent across the ocean by their parents and taken in by foster parents and distant relatives, approximately 1,000 children, ranging in age from fourteen months to sixteen years, landed in the United States and out of Hitler's reach between 1934 and 1945. Seventy years after the first ship brought a handful of these children to American shores, the general public and many of the children themselves remain unaware of these rescues, and the fact that they were accomplished despite powerful forces in and outside the government that did not want them to occur. This is the first published account, told in the words of the children and their rescuers, to detail this unknown part of America's response to the Holocaust. It will challenge the belief that Americans did nothing to directly and actively save Holocaust victims." "Judith Tydor Baumel, Holocaust scholar and sister of two rescued children, provides an introduction explaining why, when, how, and where the rescues were carried out, who the heroes and heroines were, and which individuals and organizations placed almost insurmountable obstacles in their path. This account presents both recollections and experiences recorded at the time of the rescued children, their descendants, and their rescuers."--Jacket.

Hasidic Tales of the Holocaust / Yaffa Eliach

940.5315 HASIDIC 1983

Derived by the author from interviews and oral histories, these eighty-nine original Hasidic tales about the Holocaust provide unprecedented witness, in a traditional idiom, to the victims' inner experience of "unspeakable" suffering. This volume constitutes the first collection of original Hasidic tales to be published in a century.

Inside the Concentration Camps: Eyewitness Accounts of LIfe in Hitler's Death Camps / Eugene Aroneanu

940.5318 INSIDE 1996

This book is a translation of an oral history of the concentration camp experience recorded immediately after World War II as told by men and women who endured it and lived to tell about it. Their vivid, firsthand accounts heighten the reality of this experience in ways no third-person narrative can capture. Even when they are at a loss for words, their struggle to find language to express the unspeakable is, in itself, mute testimony to the ordeal etched forever on their memories. The testimonies are arranged to reflect the chronology of camp experience (from deportation to liberation), the living conditions of camp life (from malnutrition to forced labor), and the various methods of abuse and extermination (from castration to gassing and cremation). The chronology gives the accounts a narrative flow and even creates a certain suspense, especially as liberation nears and hopes rise.

Living After the Holocaust: Reflections by Children of Survivors in America / Lucy Y. Steinitz

940.5316 LIVING 1975

This highly personal book represents the first real opportunity for the post-War generation (and especially children of survivors) to address themselves publicly to the issue of life after the Holocaust.  The contributors are young American Jews for whom the Holocaust is not simply past history.  Raised with an acute consciousness of the War, they struggle between hatred and pacifism, depression and hope.  The battle burns within them daily... Here are their childhood memories, inner conflicts, theological reflections, and scholarly research.

The Pianist / Wladyslaw Szpilman

940.5318 SZPILMA 2003

A Jewish pianist's real-life account of survival in World War II Warsaw. Separated in a mãelâee, he fights to rejoin his family as they board the death train, but police block him. "Papa!" he cries. The father waves, "as if I were setting out into life and he was already greeting me from beyond the grave."

Scroll of Agony: The Warsaw Diary of Chaim A. Kaplan / Chaim A. Kaplan

940.5315 KAPLAN 1965

Detailed eyewitness account of the Nazi occupation of Poland and the destruction and martyrdom of its Jewish communities.